116 11 junio 184 2ene 254 6jun
Promote the welfare of birds
and their environment
1(a) Support the protection of important bird habitat.
1(b) To avoid stressing birds or exposing them to
danger, exercise restraint and caution during
observation, photography, sound recording, or filming.
Limit the use of recordings and other methods of
attracting birds, and never use such methods in
heavily birded areas, or for attracting any species that
is Threatened, Endangered, or of Special Concern, or
is rare in your local area;
Keep well back from nests and nesting colonies,
roosts, display areas, and important feeding sites. In
such sensitive areas, if there is a need for extended
observation, photography, filming, or recording, try to
use a blind or hide, and take advantage of natural
Use artificial light sparingly for filming or photography,
especially for close-ups.
1(c) Before advertising the presence of a rare bird,
evaluate the potential for disturbance to the bird, its
surroundings, and other people in the area, and
proceed only if access can be controlled,
disturbance minimized, and permission has been
obtained from private land-owners. The sites of rare
nesting birds should be divulged only to the proper
1(d) Stay on roads, trails, and paths where they exist;
otherwise keep habitat disturbance to a minimum.
For more information on American Birding
Association´s PRINCIPLES OF BIRDING ETHICS,
please visit this website.
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